The sharing of knowledge
In the aftermath of the Second World War, a significant transfer of technology occurred: the victors – the Americans, Soviets, French and, to a lesser extent, British – took over the heritage of Peenemünde.
Wernher von Braun (in the centre) during the Apollo programme (in the 1960s)
All the major programmes, civilian and military, launched in the field of astronautics during the Cold War period drew upon the technical foundations laid by von Braun and his team between 1936 and 1945.
Indeed, all the military ballistic missiles and all the space launchers of the 1950s and 1960s are direct descendants of the V2.